DISCLAIMERThis was written as an assignment for my Language & Linguistics class and was originally posted on Academia.edu.

Space colonization is crucial to the development of human civilization because it opens the possibility of creating new homes for humanity and makes further advancements in energy and technology, with the efficiency of recycling a planet’s native resources for sustainability. Human beings have been curious of nature since the development of civilization. They are born with the desire for innovation and it has contributed to their place in existence. The realm of science has projected humanity’s fulfillment of their inherent destiny and has contributed to a myriad of discoveries. Now there is an increasing desire to colonize space. However, this voyage starts with focus on advancing equipment and machinery necessary for this almost-unbelievable feat, as well as countering controversies of its impossibility.
By fulfilling human destiny, it ensures its own progress as well as its benefits. By extracting hydrogen from regolith, it would be used to substitute the cost of what would’ve been spent on rocket fuel propellants, as well as its processed soil being used for food crops and heat insulation in the case of long-term residence. Once humanity has populated another world, the risk of their extinction is dramatically reduced and the benefits of civilization would be spread to other worlds.
Assuming that the Colonization Council will not depend on any sole nation, they have prepared its own goals by using the Hitchhiker Strategy. This plan is basically identifying programs that fit their desired destination and is closer to colonization (Gavert, Paragraph 13).
The reports by the Colonization Council have been called “Hitch reports” due to their ties to their Strategy (Gavert, Paragraph 14). It is but one step closer to achieving serious discussion in space colonization.
There is colonization of the Moon. It is the heavenly body most familiar with Earth and is most suited for settlement. The first moon-based research center may be built in 2030 (“Moon Colonies Possible”, Paragraph 1). Caves which appear on the moon as a result of volcanic activity could become radiation protection if it is sealed (“Moon Colonies Possible”, Paragraph 2). In 2008, images were taken by Japan’s Kaguya spaceship of the deep tunnels within the moon and if porous enough, according to Sergei Krikalov, head of the Cosmonaut’s Training Center, could set the plans for a cavernous base (“Moon Colonies Possible”, Paragraph 3).
Then there is the colonization of Mars. In 1997, NASA launched the first successful mission to the red planet that involved Mars Pathfinder, a rover capable of moving about the surface and making observations. The purpose of the mission was to verify the abundant remote sensing data that had been gathered on Earth as well as from satellite-based programs. However, it also received authorization to provide a public relations boost to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), a federally funded research center in the California Institute of Technology that managed the project on behalf of NASA. It was successful in both cases and the Pathfinder provided new images of Mars never before seen, which increased public interest in NASA (Dittmer, Paragraph 2). The Mars Pathfinder also simulated human presence on Mars. Indeed, in 2004 President
George W. Bush made a pledge “to send a manned mission to Mars…” and has been “…funded and is in its design stages” (Dittmer, Paragraph 36).
Hydrogen in space travel is used for fuel, cooling scientific instruments to cryogenic levels, electricity, drinkable water, storage of reference gas, and as a gas gap heat switch. There have been discussions to add more uses of hydrogen for future expeditions. (Bowman, Paragraphs 1-2). Such an opportunity is the use of material from extraterrestrial sources. It is being proposed in the Extraterrestrial Resource Utilization (ETRU), designed by R. H. Frisbee. He makes the case that hydrogen is crucial for the manufacture of both propulsion propellants and structural materials. Hydrogen may be used for substantial quantities of samples from Mars to Earth once colonized. These samples would be cryogenic liquid/solid, and extracted from the carbon dioxide of Mars’ atmosphere to be used for fuel and oxygen. As a result, oxygen and water necessary for human life on Mars could be produced from the hydrogen, which would then be recycled (Bowman, Paragraphs 34-35).
Space missions are to support human, robotic, and one day colonial missions with the benefit of nuclear propulsion, as nuclear rockets can reduce the time to get to the Moon and back to Earth. It would also encourage long distance space travel and create a market for high-paying jobs in a lunar nuclear space port (Gavert, Paragraph 24). On Mars, it would lead the way for a small mission with one hundred colonists or a large mission with ten thousand colonists, where the missions would include “(1) Scientific Exploration & Research, (2) Commercial Exploration, (3) Transportation, and (4) Government Activities.” The following would be responsible for being consumers of propellants (Rice, Paragraph 3).

To read more, the paper is uploaded on Academia.edu.

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